Phyllanthus, Phyllanthus amarus
Parts used: Leaves and root.
Constituents: Lignans; phyllanthine and hypophyllanthine, Alkaloids, Bioflavonoids; quercetin, Tannins; geraniin.
Actions: Hepatoprotective, Antiviral, Choleretic, Antioxidant, Hypoglycaemic, Deobstruent, Hypotensive, Diuretic, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-malarial, Antipruritic.
Hepatitis; clears serum HBsAg (HBV surface antigen) and blocks DNA polymerase, the enzyme needed for the hepatitis B virus to reproduce. But P. urinaria and P. niruri work better than P. amarus.
Jaundice, gallbladder problems, liver disease.
Hepatic reduced glutathione, but not inhibition of cytochrome P450.
Kidney and gallstones, bronchitis.
Hypertension and high cholesterol, cancer prevention.
Uric acid excess, urinary tract infections, gout.
Dropsy, gonorrhoea, menorrhagia, dyspepsia, ulcers, sores, swellings, ophthalmia, and chronic dysentery.
A poultice of the leaves mixed with salt cures itch and skin affections.
And analgesic, antibacterial, antilithic, anti-mutagenic, antispasmodic, aperitif, carminative, digestive, laxative, stomachic, vermifuge.
Herbal extract: 15-40mL per week.
Energetics: Cooling, bitter, Astringent.
Contraindications: Pregnancy, abortive and emmenagogue in high dosages.
Caution: May potentiate insulin and anti-diabetic drugs and prescription diuretic drugs.
May potentiate anti-hypertensive drugs, Beta-blocker drugs and other heart medications (including chronotropic and inotropic drugs).